What is Menstrual cycle?

0
207

In nature, for a female, getting pregnant and parturition to a replacement born is her sole purpose. Its like females are destined to be. One of the best things during this world for ladies is to become a mother. Her care and love for her child are incomparable. The transformation from a lady to a woman may be remarkable. During her childhood, when it involves growing up, a woman is not any different than a boy. But things suddenly start changing for her as soon as she steps in her teenage with the commencement of cycle. Thanks to the flowing of Hormones during her cycle there’s blood discharge from the vagina which is totally normal and a symbol of a woman getting into her Womanhood. Usually, first menstruation occurs between the age of 12 and 13. The cycle is crucial, as during the method there are several hormones involved that produce egg or ovum through an occasion called ovulation. In other words, a lady with the absence of a cycle is infertile as there’s no egg present for sperm to enter and fertilize.

PHASES OF cycle
 

FOLLICULAR PHASE:

Follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) causes the event and maturation of ovarian follicles. Because the follicle enlarges, estradiol progressively rises and reaches its peak value 24 hours before LH and FSH attain their respective maximum levels. LH surge or peak initiates ovulation-release of the ovum from the ruptured follicles. The amount of progesterone is low during the follicular phase.

LUTEAL PHASE:

After the ovulation occurs, the ruptured follicles form the endocrine gland and begin producing progesterone and estradiol. The predominant hormone of the secretory phase is progesterone which prepares the endometrium of uterus for implantation of the zygote. LH maintains the corpus for a couple of days. Within the absence of implantation, the endocrine gland regresses and sheds endometrium causing menstruation. And another new cycle begins.

The secretory phase is usually fixed, with 14 ± 2 days long. The observed variations within the length of the cycle are thanks to changes within the follicular phase. just in case of implantation of the zygote, human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) is produced by the cells of the implanted early embryo. HCG stimulates the endocrine gland to synthesize progesterone. This continues until the placenta starts making high quantities of progesterone.

MENOPAUSE:

The menstrual cycles which begin within the women after Puberty, continue till the age of 45-50. The cycles cease around this age which coincides with the loss of ovarian function. The estrogen and progesterone efficiency is very low in these women. However, the concentration of LH and FSH have elevated thanks to a lack of feedback inhibition of estrogens.

Postmenopausal women are vulnerable to two complications related to insufficient levels of sex hormones.

  1. Atrophy of secondary sex tissues: Mainly the epithelium of the vagina and lower tract.
  2. Osteoporosis: Decreased density of bones and increased susceptibility to fractures. 

Women often experience heavy periods which may be quite disturbing. Symptoms differ consistent with age and health status.

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of drive 
  • Constipation
  • Indigestion
  • Acne
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Depression

HeadacheSoothing the after-effects of the cycle is feasible through medications and may even be used for premenstrual symptoms. A pharmaceutical company in Panchkula – Rishabhealthcare provides medicines to cure this problem.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here